Here’s an example. If your total start up costs are $90,000, you will need to break this amount down into capital, marketing and business support costs. Let’s say, you need $68,000 in capital, $20,000 in marketing and $2,000 in business support. You will need to break each item into a separate component and add a financing portion to it.
Both sides have to balance out.
To put in bluntly, the cost and financing plan will anchor your financial plan. The costs of each item will directly have an impact on your first year income and cash flow. The costs and financing will play a huge part on how your balance sheet comes together.
Please remember that this is a fictional company and fictional funding sources. However, the general outline is to help the business plan reviewer understand what it is you are asking for in terms of start up costs.
Also remember for any major capital purchase, you will always provide quotes at the back of your business plan in the form of an appendix. These quotes will correspond to the start up costs.
Projected Funding and Financing
|Capital & Operating||$||Capital & Operating||Amount||%|
|Working capital||$20,000||Cash equity||$10,200||10%|
|Office renovations||$5,000||SPA funding||$40,800||60%|
|Office equipment/furniture||$6,000||Commercial financing||$17,000||40%|
|Specialized field equipment||$27,000|
|Sub total||$68,000||Sub total||$68,000||100%|
|Start up/on-going activities||$20,000||Cash from operations||$8,000||40%|
|Sub total||$20,000||Sub total||$20,000||100%|
|Business management costs||$2,000||Cash from operations||$500||25%|
|Sub total||$10,000||Sub total||$10,000||100%|
Total project costs
Total project financing
|Capital & operating||$68,000||Cash equity||$10,200||11%|
|Marketing||$20,000||Cash from operations||$8,500||9%|
|Business support||$2,000||Commercial financing||$17,000||20%|
|Grand Total||$90,000||Grand Total||$90,000||100%|
Please study this cost and financing plan closely because your financial statements will hinge on its accuracy. Look closely at these figures and compare them to whats on the balance sheet. You will notice what items are included on the balance sheet such as the fixed assets, loan, equity and depreciation. This will help you place those items on the balance sheet.
To see how the cost and financing plan fits into a companies complete financial plan, please see our sample financial plan here.